How to Create Low Fidelity Wireframes in Figma

August 13, 2023
How to Create Low Fidelity Wireframes in Figma


Wireframing is an essential part of the design process, helping designers visualize the structure and layout of a website or application. Low fidelity wireframes, in particular, are a great starting point as they allow for quick iterations and feedback. In this article, we will explore how to create low fidelity wireframes using Figma, a popular design tool known for its collaborative features and ease of use.

Alternatively you may also use tools specialized for creating wireframes like ZenFrame, or any of the low fidelity wireframes tools.

1. Understanding Low Fidelity Wireframes

Desktop App Wireframe

Low fidelity wireframes are simplified representations of a design concept, focusing on the basic layout and structure without getting into the details of visual design. They are typically created using simple shapes, lines, and placeholder content. These wireframes help in quickly iterating and refining the design, as they are easy to modify and provide a clear understanding of the overall layout and user flow.

Why use low fidelity wireframes? Low fidelity wireframes have several advantages. Firstly, they allow designers to focus on the core structure and functionality of the design without getting distracted by visual details. This helps in identifying potential usability issues and making necessary adjustments early in the design process. Secondly, low fidelity wireframes are quick to create and modify, enabling designers to explore multiple design options and iterate rapidly. Lastly, these wireframes are great for communicating design ideas to stakeholders, as they provide a clear representation of the overall layout and functionality.

Benefits of low fidelity wireframes: Low fidelity wireframes offer numerous benefits throughout the design process. They help in:
- Defining the information architecture and user flows
- Identifying potential usability issues and making necessary adjustments
- Gathering early feedback from stakeholders and users
- Streamlining the design process by focusing on the core structure
- Saving time and effort by quickly iterating and refining the design

2. Setting Up Figma for Wireframing

To create low fidelity wireframes in Figma, start by creating a new project. Choose the appropriate canvas size based on the device or platform you are designing for. Figma offers pre-defined templates for various devices, making it easy to get started.

Setting up grids and guides is crucial for aligning elements in your wireframes. Figma provides grid options that can be customized to suit your design requirements. Additionally, use guides to align elements vertically and horizontally, ensuring consistency and precision in your wireframes.

3. Gathering Requirements and Research

Before diving into wireframing, it is essential to understand the project goals and the target audience. Conduct user research to gain insights into user behaviors, preferences, and pain points. Analyze competitor websites or applications to identify industry best practices and potential design patterns.

Based on the research, define user flows and navigation. Consider the various user tasks and interactions that need to be supported in your design. This will help you create wireframes that reflect the intended user experience.

4. Sketching and Ideation

Start the wireframing process by sketching your ideas on paper. Sketching allows for quick exploration and iteration without the constraints of a digital tool. Once you have a rough idea, transfer your sketches to Figma.

Begin by using basic shapes and lines to represent different elements such as headers, footers, content sections, buttons, and forms. Focus on the overall layout and structure, rather than specific visual details. Keep the wireframes simple and uncluttered to ensure clarity.

5. Organizing and Structuring Elements

To maintain a structured approach, create frames for different sections of your wireframe. Frames act as containers for grouping related elements together. Use the frame tool to draw rectangles around each section and label them accordingly.

Group and organize elements within the frames using layers. Layers help in managing and editing different elements easily. Name and label elements appropriately to maintain clarity and ease of understanding.

6. Adding Placeholder Content

While low fidelity wireframes don't require detailed content, it's essential to add placeholder text and images to give a sense of the overall design. Use lorem ipsum text or generic content to represent the actual content that will be present in the final design. This helps stakeholders visualize the layout and understand the content hierarchy.

Insert generic images or placeholders to represent visual elements such as logos, images, or icons. This gives a better understanding of the visual composition and helps in assessing the overall balance of the design.

Choose appropriate fonts and font sizes for the text elements. While you don't need to finalize the typography at this stage, selecting fonts that align with the overall design direction can provide a better context for evaluation.

7. Utilizing Figma's Interactive Features

One of the advantages of using Figma for wireframing is its ability to create interactive prototypes. Take advantage of this feature to simulate user interactions and transitions between screens. By linking elements with interactive hotspots, you can create a more realistic representation of the user experience.

This interactive prototyping enables you to test and validate the usability of your wireframes. It also helps stakeholders and clients better understand the flow and functionality of the design.

8. Collaborating and Gathering Feedback

Figma's collaboration features make it easy to share your wireframes with stakeholders and gather feedback. Share the project with relevant team members, clients, or users, allowing them to view and comment on the wireframes directly within Figma.

Encourage feedback and comments from stakeholders to gather different perspectives and improve the design. Use the commenting feature to discuss specific elements or sections, making it easier to track and address feedback.

9. Exporting and Handoff

Once the wireframes are finalized, they can be exported from Figma for further development or presentation. Figma allows you to export wireframes in various formats, such as PNG, PDF, or SVG. Choose the appropriate format based on your requirements.

To ensure a smooth handoff to developers or other team members, generate specifications and style guides. These documents provide detailed information about colors, typography, spacing, and other design elements. They act as a reference for maintaining consistency during the development process.

10. Tips and Best Practices

- Keep it simple and focus on the structure: Low fidelity wireframes are meant to be quick and simple representations of the design. Avoid getting caught up in visual details and instead concentrate on the core structure and layout.
- Use grayscale or limited color palette: While adding color can enhance the visual appeal, it's best to stick to grayscale or a limited color palette during the wireframing stage. This helps in maintaining focus on the structure and prevents distractions.
- Iterate and refine based on feedback: Wireframes are not set in stone. Use the feedback received from stakeholders and users to iterate and refine your design. Embrace a flexible mindset and be open to making necessary adjustments.


Creating low fidelity wireframes in Figma can greatly enhance the design process, allowing for quick exploration and iteration. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can effectively communicate your design ideas, gather feedback, and collaborate with your team. Remember, wireframes are a valuable tool to refine your design before diving into high fidelity mockups, so embrace the simplicity and focus on the structure. Happy wireframing!

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